Author Archive | Richard Cole

head impacts

Even Mild Head Impact Impairs Vision

Even Mild Head Impact Impairs Vision TAKE-HOME MESSAGE It is fully understood that concussion results in visual near point convergence (NPC) impairment. However, this article demonstrates that NPC is impaired even with multiple subconcussive head impacts.  Though the authors believe NPC may become a tool in measuring and evaluating brain injury severity, it is my […]

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Melatonin Helps Headaches

Melatonin Helps Headaches TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Levels of the pineal hormone melatonin have been found to be low in migraine and in cluster headache. Melatonin acts as a biological clock for sleep, an antioxidant, an antihypertensive, an anxiolytic and a sedative. Oral melatonin has shown promising results in migraine prevention. This study demonstrated that 4mg of […]

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prefrontal cortex

Spinal Manipulation Changes Brain Processing

Spinal Manipulation Changes Brain Processing TAKE-HOME Message For the past 15 years, researchers have observed changes in brain processing following spinal manipulation (SM). This article demonstrates that changes occur in the prefrontal cortex following cervical SM over areas of segmental dysfunction. The prefrontal cortex plays a vital role in sensory motor integration and higher executive […]

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cervicogenic headache

Migraineurs Suffer Restless Legs

Migraineurs Suffer Restless Legs TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Poor sleep is a confounder in migraine recovery and tends to increase migraine incidence. Restless leg syndrome (RLS) impairs high quality sleep. In this large study, migraine patients were found to have a higher prevalence of RLS than normal controls and their RLS symptoms were much worse. Efforts to […]

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Pediatric Migraine

Pediatric Migraine and Stroke

Pediatric Migraine and Stroke TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Managing the pediatric headache is often complicated and understanding the risk factors faced by the pediatric patient is essential. This case demonstrates adolescent miganeurs seem to have an increase risk of ischemic stroke. However, that younger children with migraines do not share that risk profile. Abstract IMPORTANCE Our understanding […]

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Stomach Medicine Found to Cause Dementia

Stomach Medicine Found to Cause Dementia TAKE- HOME MESSAGE Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly used to treat gastro-esophageal reflux disorders (GERD) and ulcers. A recent article published in JAMA Neurology has found that PPIs have been identified as being at risk for causing dementia. Chiropractic physicians may discuss this complication with their patients and […]

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Brain Volume

Fitness Predicts Brain Volume

Fitness Predicts Brain Volume TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Cognitive decline is a significant health problem plaguing millions of aging seniors. Prevention of cognitive decline is a goal of many and is attempted using diet and lifestyle modification This article provides proof that poor cardiovascular (CV) fitness is predictive of decreased brain volume two decades later in life. […]

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Encephalopathy and Delirium from Antibiotics

Encephalopathy and Delirium from Antibiotics TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Antibiotics, as a class of drugs, are under-recognized as a cause of deliriumand other brain problems. Researchers from Harvard Medical School conducted a comprehensive review of the clinical, radiologic, and electrophysiologic features of antibiotic-associated encephalopathy (AAE). They analyzed case reports on 391 patients over 70 years who were […]

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Parkinson's 4

Exercise Improves Mood, Cognition, and Sleep in Parkinson’s

Exercise Improves Mood, Cognition, and Sleep in Parkinson’s Disease Open Access here TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Parkinson’s patients suffer with mood disorders, cognition and sleep disorders as components of their condition. This paper demonstrates how and why regular exercise is a major aid in managing the concurrent symptoms of mood disorders, poor cognition and impaired sleep. Overall, […]

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pediatric Headache

Neck Pain and Headache

Neck Pain and Headache TAKE-HOME MESSAGE Headaches remain a significant disorder suffered by the public. The estimated global one-year period prevalence for headache is about 10% for migraine and about 38% for tension-type headache (TTH) This study measures the high association between neck pain and pure TTH (88.4%) and TTH plus migraine (89.3%) This finding does […]

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