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Brain and Nerves

Women With Multiple Sclerosis May Have Lower Levels of Anti-Inflammatory Nutrients

Multiple sclerosis is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system that destroys the protective covering of nerve fibers.  Nerve impulses between the brain and other regions of the body become disrupted and individuals with multiple sclerosis may experience a broad variety of neurological symptom.  Common symptoms may include; incoordination, weakness, difficulty walking, visual disturbances,...

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melatonin

Melatonin Helps Epileptic Children Sleep

Melatonin Helps Epileptic Children Sleep Sejal V Jain, MD, Paul S Horn, PhD; Narong Simakajornboon, MD; Dean W Beebe,PhD; Katherine Holland, MD, PhD; Anna W Byars, PhD; Tracy A Glauser, MD; Melatonin improves sleep in children with epilepsy: randomized, double-blind cross-over study. In Sleep Medicine:  http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1389945715000477 Objective Insomnia, especially maintenance insomnia is widely prevalent in epilepsy....

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Childhood epilepsy

Vitamin D levels in Children with Epilepsy

Vitamin D levels in Children with Epilepsy Pediatric Neurology Longitudinal Change of Vitamin D Status in Children With Epilepsy on Antiepileptic Drugs: Prevalence and Risk Factors YJ Lee, KM Park, YM Kim, GM Yeon, SO Nam Pediatr. Neurol. 2015 Feb 01;52(2)153-159. BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of...

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Vitamin D

Vitamin D Levels Effect Stroke Outcome

American stroke association meeting report abstract Study Highlights:  In this study stroke patients with low vitamin D levels have more tissue damage resulting from their strokes than patients with normal vitamin D levels. Patients with low vitamin D were found to be less likely than those with normal levels to have good outcomes in the...

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Stationary Bike

Motorized Cycling May Prime Brain for Relearning After Stroke

NASHVILLE, Tenn., Feb. 12, 2015 – Exercise on a motorized stationary bike appeared to give stroke patients an advantage in relearning everyday tasks and improved motor function of their arms, according to research presented at the American Stroke Association’s International Stroke Conference 2015. Aerobic exercise has been shown to help the brain learn information. The...

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pediatric Headache

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and the Pediatric Patient

Article Review OBJECTIVE Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) affects >1 million pediatric patients annually. There are no guidelines available to guide a clinician in the treatment of post-traumatic headache (PTH) in the pediatric patient. This study investigated treatment and outcomes in pediatric patients with post-traumatic headache. METHODS Medical records of all patients (age 13-18 yrs.)...

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cervical spine

Manipulation Effective for the Treatment of Cervical Radiculopathy

Cervical radiculopathy is a condition the can cause pain or numbness in a person’s upper extremity.  It is often the result of a pinched nerve in the neck.  A study published in the February issue of the journal Clinical Rehabilitation (1) found moderate level evidence to support the immediate effectiveness of cervical spine manipulation in patients with degenerative...

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Significance of neurovascular contact in classical trigeminal neuralgia

Neurovascular contact is considered a frequent cause of classical trigeminal neuralgia and microvascular decompression with transposition of a blood vessel is preferred over other surgical options in medically refractory patients with classical trigeminal neuralgia. However, the prevalence of neurovascular contact has not been investigated in a representative cohort of patients with classical trigeminal neuralgia based...

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Commonly prescribed drug for lower back pain not effective

A recent study in the journal Neurology (1) found that pregabalin, marketed by Pfizer under the name Lyrica, is not effective for the treatment of chronic low back pain syndromes like lumbar spinal stenosis.  This study demonstrated a lack of relief with the use of pregabalin for walking pain associated with lumbar spinal stenosis.  Given the...

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deep brain activity

Daily Physical Activity Reduces Parkinson’s Disease Risk

Published in Neurology Physical Activity and the Risk for Parkinson’s Disease Brain: A Journal of Neurology Physical exercise has been associated with neuroprotective effects in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. To examine the impact of physical activity on Parkinson’s disease risk prospectively, we followed 43 368 individuals who provided extensive information on physical activity at baseline. We...

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